Lydiard Millicent C of E Primary School

Subject Leader: Mrs C Frost and Mrs L Trinder


Click HERE to view the Humanities policy.

Please click HERE to view the Geography key skills information.


The importance of Geography

Geography provokes and answers questions about the natural and human worlds, using different scales of enquiry to view them from different perspectives. It develops knowledge of places and environments throughout the world, an understanding of maps, and a range of investigative and problem-solving skills both inside and outside the classroom. As such, it prepares pupils for adult life and employment. Geography is a focus within the curriculum for understanding and resolving issues about the environment and sustainable development. It is also an important link between the natural and social sciences. As pupils study geography, they encounter different societies and cultures. This helps them realise how nations rely on each other. It can inspire them to think about their own place in the world, their values and their rights and responsibilities to other people and the environment.

National Curriculum

What is our knowledge worth if we know nothing about the world that sustains us, nothing about natural systems and climate, nothing about other countries and cultures?

Jonathon Porritt, Forum for the Future


Aims and purposes of Geography


Geography teaching offers opportunities to:


  • stimulate children's interest in their surroundings and in the variety of human and physical conditions on the Earth's surface;
  • foster children's sense of wonder at the beauty of the world around them;
  • help children to develop an informed concern about the quality of the environment and the future of the human habitat; and
  • enhance children's sense of responsibility for the care of the Earth and its people.


Organisation of Geography in Lydiard Millicent CE VC Primary School


During Early Years Foundation

Stage pupils:

  • are supported in developing the knowledge, skills and understanding that help them to make sense of the world.
  • are supported through offering opportunities for them to use a range of tools safely; encounter creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments and in real-life situations; undertake practical ‘experiments’; and work with a range of materials.

   During key stage 1 pupils:

  • investigate their local area and a contrasting area in the United  Kingdom or abroad, finding out about the environment in both areas and the people who live there.
  • begin to learn about the wider world.
  • carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom.
  • ask geographical questions about people, places and environments, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps and photographs.

  During key stage 2 pupils:

  • investigate a variety of people, places and environments at different scales in the United Kingdom and abroad, and start to make links between different places in the world.
  • find out how people affect the environment and how they are affected by it.
  • carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom.
  • ask geographical questions, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps, atlases, aerial photographs and ICT.


These are incorporated through a skills based curriculum by topics such as ‘Diggers and Dumpers’ in The Foundation stage, The ‘Seaside’ in Year 2 and ‘ The Amazon’ in Year 3.


Assessment of Geography


Activities do not have to rely upon written methods to show understanding of key skills.  In planning creatively, a range of strategies are employed to assess the level of children’s knowledge and understanding of the topic area and of the key skills being developed.


Teachers assess geography on a regular basis through activities such as: written work, observations of group work, speaking and listening presentations, mapping skills and conversations with children.  When planning topics, teachers use the progression of skills to ensure that their plans meet the needs of the children and will challenge their geographical knowledge, thinking and enquiry skills.  Geography is split into five areas; Enquiry and Skills, Places, Patterns and Processes, Environmental Change and Mapping skills.  Medium term plans will identify by number which skill is addressed in each of the geography sessions.


Resources, Trips and Visitors


Geography resources, including maps of different scales, are housed in the Geography resource cupboard. Additional topic books to support the programmes of study may be found in the non-fiction library and there are non-fiction class texts stored in the Literacy resource room. These resources are continually audited and updated. It is important to ensure that each topic has appropriate resources to deliver and enhance the teaching of the specified objective.  Each classroom has both a world map and a globe on display. As a school we encourage the use of school visits, to places such as Lydiard park and Braeside, and use the school grounds and local area, so the children can experience and take part in essential field work studies. The use of ICT to deliver and support the teaching and learning of Geography is also encouraged through the use of programmes such as Infomapper, Google earth and Espresso.


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